Martyrs Gurias, Samonas, and Avivos of Edessa
Thomas, Archbishop of Constantinople

15-11-2015 All day
Repeat every year in November on the same day until 15-11-2019

Gurias, Samonas, and Avivos, Martyrs and Confessors of Edessa

ChristDuring the persecution against Christians under the emperors Diocletian (284-305 AD) and Maximian (305-311 AD), two friends were arrested in the city of Edessa: the Christians Gurias and Samonas, preachers of the Word of God. The Saints refused to offer sacrifice to the gods, and boldly confessed their faith in Christ. For this, they were beaten, hung up by their hands, heavy weights were tied to their feet, and they were cast into a stifling prison. The martyrs endured everything with firmness and Samonas uttered a prayer to the Lord, which one of the witnesses to their death wrote down, “O Lord my God, against Whose will not a single sparrow falls into the snare. It was You Who made room for David in his sorrow [Palm 4:1], Who proved the Prophet David stronger than lions [Dan 6], and granted a child of Abraham to be victor over torture and flames [Dan 3 and 14].

You know also, Lord, the infirmity of our nature, You see the struggle set before us. Our foe strives to snatch us, the work of Your right hand, away from You and to deprive us of the glory which is in You. With Your compassionate eye watching over us, preserve in us the inextinguishable light of Your Commandments. Guide our steps by Your light, and make us worthy of Your Kingdom, for You are blessed unto ages of ages”. By night, they took the martyrs out beyond the city and beheaded them (+ 299-306 AD), and Christians buried their holy bodies with reverence.

After some years, the last pagan emperor, Licinius (311-324 AD), began a persecution against Christians. Avivos (Habibus), a Deacon of the Church of Edessa whom the emperor ordered to be arrested for his zealous spreading of the true Christian faith, presented himself before the executioners when he learned they were searching for him. The Saint confessed his faith in Christ and was sentenced to be burned alive. The martyr went willingly into the fire and with a prayer surrendered his soul to the Lord. When the fire went out, the mother and relatives of the saint found his body unharmed. They buried the martyr next to Sts Gurias and Samonas.

After the death of the Saints, they worked numerous miracles for those who entreated their help with faith and love. Once, a certain Gothic soldier, sent to serve at Edessa, took the pious virgin Euthymia as his wife. Before this the barbarian vowed to her mother Sophia at the graves of the Martyrs Gurias, Samonas and Avivos that he would do his spouse no harm, and would never insult her, but would always love and cherish her.

At the completion of his service in Edessa, he took Euthymia with him back to his native land. It turned out that he had deceived her, for he already had a wife at home, and Euthymia became her slave. Her evil husband threatened to kill her if she revealed to anyone that they were married. Euthymia suffered much abuse and humiliation. When she gave birth to a son, the jealous Gothic woman poisoned him. Euthymia turned with prayer to the holy Martyrs Gurias, Samonas and Avivos, the witnesses to the perjurer’s oath, and the Lord delivered Euthymia from her suffering and miraculously returned her to Edessa, where she was welcomed by her mother. After a while, the Goth was again sent to serve in Edessa. The whole city learned of his misdeeds after Sophia denounced him. The Goth was executed by order of the governor of the city.

Dismissal Hymn (Plagal of the Fourth Tone)

Since You have given us the miracles of Your holy Martyrs as an invincible battlement, by their entreaties, scatter the counsels of the heathen, O Christ our God, and strengthen the faith of Orthodox Christians, since You alone are good and the Friend of man.

Kontakion (Second Tone)

You received a special grace from on high, becoming the protectors of those threatened with danger; O wise Gurias, and Samonas, you are worthy of all praise, saving a handmaid of God from cruel death, O holy ones. Indeed you are the glory of Edessa, and the joy of the Universe.