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Saints

Commemorated on March 20th

Righteous Fathers slain at the Monastery of St. Savvas

Jesus-icon-final 20th March

During the reign of Emperor Heraclius, when St Modestos was Patriarch of Jerusalem (632-634 AD), the area around Jerusalem was subjected to frequent incursions of the Saracens. The monastery of St. Chariton was devastated and fell into ruin. Twice the Saracens tried to plunder the Lavra of St Savvas the Sanctified, but God's Providence protected the monastery. The monks would have been able to escape the barbarians by going to Jerusalem, but they decided not to forsake the place where they had sought salvation for so many years.

On March 13, the Saracens broke into the monastery and demanded all the valuables. The monks told them that there was nothing in the monastery but a meager supply of food and old clothing. Then the Saracens began to shoot arrows at the monks.

Thirteen men were killed and many wounded, and monastery cells were set afire. The Saracens intended also to torch the monastery church, but seeing a throng of people in the distance, they mistook this for an army sent from Jerusalem. The Saracens managed to get away, carrying off the little they were able to plunder. After the enemy fled, Fr Thomas, an experienced physician, began to help those who remained alive.

On Great Thursday, March 20, the Saracens again descended upon the Lavra with a larger force and began to beat up the monks. The survivors were driven into the church, where they were tortured in order to force them to reveal where any treasure might be hidden. The monastery was surrounded, so no one could save himself by fleeing. The barbarians seized St John, a young monk, who had cared for vagrants. They beat him fiercely, and then they cut the sinews of his hands and feet and dragged him over stones by his feet, which tore the skin from the martyr's back.

The keeper of the church vessels, St Sergios, hid the church vessels and attempted to flee, but he was captured and beheaded. Several of the monks nevertheless managed to hide themselves outside the monastery in a cave, but a sentry on a hill spotted them, and they ordered everyone to come out. Inside the cave, St Patrikios whispered to the brethren huddled with him, "Fear not, I will go alone and meet my death. Meanwhile, sit and pray".

The Saracens asked whether there was anyone else in the cave, and Patrikios said that he was alone. They led him to the Lavra, where the captives awaited their fate. The Saracens demanded of them a ransom of 4000 gold pieces and the sacred vessels. The monks were not able to give such a ransom. Then they led them into the cave of St Savvas inside the monastery walls. They lit a fire on which they piled up dung in front of the entrance to the cave, hoping to suffocate the monks with the poisonous fumes. Eighteen men perished in the cave, among whom were Sts John and Patrikios. The Saracens continued to torture those who were still alive, but got nothing out of them. Finally, they left the monastery.

Later, on the night of Great Friday, the monks hidden in the hills returned to the Lavra, they took up the bodies of the murdered Fathers to the church and buried them there.

The barbarians who plundered the monastery were punished by God. They were stricken with a sudden illness, and they all perished. Their bodies were devoured by wild beasts.

Dismissal Hymn (Second Tone)

Blessed is the earth that drank your blood, O prizewinners of the Lord, and holy are the tabernacles that received your spirits; for in the stadium you triumphed over the enemy, and you proclaimed Christ with boldness. Beseech Him, we pray, since He is good, to save our souls.

Kontakion (Fourth Tone)

You Who was raised up

Shunning all earthly and corruptible pleasures, you chose a life of great ascetical struggles, disdaining worldly beauty and all fleeting fame; therefore, you dwell joyously in the Kingdom of Heaven with the Martyrs' holy choirs and the ranks of ascetics. Hence, we revere your memory and cry, "From every peril, O Fathers, deliver us".