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His Eminence Archbishop Makarios Griniezakis Primate of the Greek Orthodox Church in Australia

Makarios was born in Heraklion, Crete, in 1973. He studied at the Higher Ecclesiastical School of Athens and the Theological School of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. He had a Master of Sacred Theology at the University of Boston, a Master of Arts in History of Science at Harvard and a Master of Bioethics at Monash University.

His doctoral dissertation was received and passed with an “Excellent” score from the Medical School of the University of Crete. The work was published under the title, Cloning: Social, Ethical and Theological Components.

Since 2003 he has been teaching at the Higher Ecclesiastical Academy of Heraklion. He has occasionally taught courses at various universities, including Hellenic College, the Medical Schools of the Universities of Crete, Thessaly and Athens.

In May 2015 he was elected First Dean of the Theological Seminar of the Autonomous Church of Estonia.

After many years in priestly positions, on the Easter Sunday of 2008, the Ecumenical Patriarch, Bartholomew appointed him Archimandrite of the Ecumenical Throne at the Phanar.

He served in many senior positions in the Holy Archdiocese of Crete until he was elected bishop.

He founded and runs the Publishing Series “All About Bioethics”, which is under the auspices of the Church Mother of Constantinople.

On April 27, 2015, he was unanimously elected Bishop of Christoupolis by the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

He attended the Holy and Great Synod of the Orthodox Church of Crete in 2016 as a counselor to the Ecumenical Patriarchate Delegation.

On May 9, 2019, he was unanimously elected Archbishop of Australia by the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.